Manifestations of hair loss in women.
It affects up to 12% of women 20 to 30 years and up to 55% after 70 years (Piraccini & Alessandrini, 2014). As in men, the main cause of hair loss is androgenic alopecia, caused by the effect of Dihydrotestosterone (DHT) on the hair follicles; however, its usual clinical presentation is different from that of men.
The thinning of the hairs and the progressive decrease of the capillary density is evidenced initially in the central zone of the head, where they begin to observe spaces between the hairs that allow to visualize the scalp. This lack of density is extending towards the sides and backwards, being able to affect the head completely. The scales of LUDWIG and SAVIN allow to see the progression of hair loss in women.
LUDWIG AND SAVIN SCALES Progression of androgenic alopecia in women
Manifestations in Women
- A lot of hair is lost when washed Hair becomes thinner, dull and brittle.
- Hair falls out when brushed.
- There is more hair on the pillow.
- Lower density and volume of hair.
- The hair entries are increasingly broad.
- There are areas of baldness in the crown.
- The scalp is seen more easily through the hair.
Causes of Hair Loss in Women
Next, the causes of alopecia in women are listed, which are the same that affect men, including the cause that represents the vast majority, androgenic alopecia caused by Dihydrotestosterone or DHT.
- Androgenic alopecia (the most frequent)
- Trauma (accidents, burns, etc.)
- Radiation (nuclear accidents, radiotherapy, etc.)
- Surgeries (surgical scars)
- Medications (cancer chemotherapy and other drugs)
- Chemicals (by exposure)
- Nutritional alterations
- Hormonal alterations (thyroid, androgenic diseases, etc.)
- Systemic and localized diseases (lupus, lichen planus, alopecia areata, folliculitis decalvans, hypothyroidism, nutritional deficiencies, among others)
- Effluvium: this is the name given to the event of greater hair loss compared to the usual fall, due to the fact that a greater number of follicles enter the telogen phase or fall phase, caused by various factors, whether hormonal (for example, postpartum effluvium), seasonal (for example spring effluvium or autumnal effluvium) or otherwise.
Diagnosis and treatment
– Advanced trichoscopic analysis with high resolution microscopic images.
– Laboratory tests that may include: specific hormonal profiles, blood profiles, nutritional profiles, etc.
As in the male gender, the treatment of alopecia in women requires first of all an accurate diagnosis about the cause and thus establish an appropriate specific treatment.
In a revolutionary way we are using the stem cells to regenerate and stimulate hair growth, as well as to prevent hair loss and surprisingly improve its appearance.
Stem Cell Treatment
The treatment with stem cells provides great advantages:
- It can be used as preventive treatment, before hair loss is very advanced and visible (for example, in people who have family members who have experienced baldness at an early age).
- It can be used to revitalize hair follicles of hair that have lost their shine, strength and vitality.
- It can be used in conjunction with other treatments, surprisingly improving the results of hair transplants.
The application is made only once and requires no maintenance or daily applications.
- In addition, women can also be treated for hair loss by hair transplantation and it is not necessary to shave the head to perform it, so the person can continue with their normal long hair, without affecting their daily life, while the transplanted follicles begin to produce hair.
We also have several treatments to treat different types of alopecia, traditional treatments such as the use of minoxidil, antiandrogens, growth factors, mesotherapy, among others.